Such a case occurred this summer, when an archaeological discovery took place in Albania’s Skrapari area. Overall, by the time construction has concluded, more than 400 archaeologists and archaeological workers are estimated to have been employed by the project.
From the earliest stages of its implementation, TAP has not only stated its commitment to safeguarding the environment and cultural heritage of areas affected by the project, but also recorded its intentions in official documentation and proceeded with specific actions implementing its commitments. More specifically, TAP has:
- upheld its Corporate Social Responsibility policy and complied with its Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS).
- conducted an extensive study on Cultural Heritage Baseline Conditions for the implementation of the TAP Project in Greece, contained in the most comprehensive Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) submitted to and approved by the Greek government.
- identified and inventoried all archaeological sites, areas of high archaeological potential and monuments in the Northern Greek areas affected by the project.
- drafted a Cultural Heritage Management Plan, which was successfully implemented in the case of the artefact unearthing in Albania.
- trained employees and contractors to act promptly, effectively and with the utmost care when unearthing archaeological findings or other artefacts.
Greece constitutes both TAP’s greatest geography (covering 550 km out of the pipeline’s total 878 km) and an area with history and culture spanning over millennia. Hence, recognising the project’s responsibilities towards local communities affected by the pipeline also means implementing a comprehensive environmental policy in the country, as well as protecting Greek archaeological sites and monuments.
TAP strives to be perceived as a part of the local communities that are hosting the project. Therefore, we consider it our duty to not only respect and safeguard their heritage, but also help them preserve their past and culture.
About the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)
TAP will transport natural gas from the giant Shah Deniz II field in Azerbaijan to Europe. The 878 km long pipeline will connect with the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) at the Turkish-Greek border at Kipoi, cross Greece and Albania and the Adriatic Sea, before coming ashore in Southern Italy.
TAP’s routing can facilitate gas supply to several South Eastern European countries, including Bulgaria, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia and others. TAP’s landfall in Italy provides multiple opportunities for further transport of Caspian natural gas to some of the largest European markets such as Germany, France, the UK, Switzerland and Austria.
TAP will promote economic development and job creation along the pipeline route; it will also be a major source of foreign direct investment and is not dependent on grants or subsidies. With first gas sales to Georgia and Turkey targeted for late 2018, first deliveries to Europe will follow approximately one year later in early 2020.
TAP’s shareholding is comprised of BP (20%), SOCAR (20%), Snam (20%), Fluxys (19%), Enagás (16%) and Axpo (5%).
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